Bad Acne – Everything You Should Know
Acne is a common skin problem experienced by many, mostly teens. Acne is an inflammation of the skin caused by the sebaceous glands working overtime. Sebum is oil made by the sebaceous glands that lubricates the skin and hair. Production of that oil increases when hormones surge. It might be when a teen reaches puberty, a woman is pregnant, or a female is about to have her period.
The excess oil clogs pores and prevents the natural function of the pores to occur. Swelling and redness occurs when bacteria gets trapped in the clogged pores and it looks like a pimple. Some pimples are open at the top and appear white while others are totally closed over and appear black. Bad acne occurs when the pimples become infected. They become hard, feel sore to the touch, and look like cysts or nodules. They expand in size as more and more of the sebum becomes trapped under the skin.
No one knows for sure how acne develops other than an overproduction of sebum. A lot of myths exist, such as eating too much chocolate or anything containing a high level of sugar and grease. Dealing with stress and drinking a lot of coffee are also other causes of acne breakouts. But if cutting back on those things makes a difference in your acne, they really are not be myths, are they? It might have something to do with how those triggers affect your hormones and how they react to stimulation from those products.
To minimize acne and avoid outbreaks, clean your skin twice a day with mild soap and water. Avoid face cosmetic products, which could be too aggressive with your skin. Washing in a circular motion with a soft cloth will remove excess oil and exfoliate your skin to some extent. Too much washing will actually dry your skin and cause other skin problems. If you do suffer from a mild to moderate case of acne, there are a number of nonprescription treatments available. Not all products will solve all acne problems. It might take a couple of tries to find one that is most effective for you. If a nonprescription medication does not work, consult a dermatologist. You will most likely need a prescription medication to treat your acne. Whether you use an over-the-counter or a prescription medication, always follow the instructions.
Untreated acne can turn to really bad acne. It is important to wash your face and other parts of your body subject to acne such as neck, back and chest, regularly. Acne left untreated can result in deep cysts, inflammation, skin damage and scarring. Acne at this point should be treated by a dermatologist.
Squeezing or popping the pimples will result in the drainage of the pores but could have an adverse effect on your skin. Your skin and pores may become overly irritated and scar rather than heal. In order to remove the scars, a dermatologist will have to perform a procedure such as laser resurfacing. The short term results of popping your pimples may be a better look but the long term results will be bad acne scars.